Resistor Development Education Elementary, Secondary and Secondary First Up in Indonesia
By: Juliansyah Shariati Pratomo
After the New Order regime fell in 1998, the more we see the Indonesian government is trying to make changes to the system in almost all fields such as in the economy, education, politics, science and technology, and many more that may not be mentioned one by one.
Here we will focus more on the development of the education system in Indonesia. Indonesia, when we state our more detailed analysis is actually a lot of challenges to the development of education, one of the most important is a lack of interest students and various new policies and change as if the students as a rabbit experiment, and also the corruption that is not can only steal the state budget for the present time, but also for the generation of the future that can reduce the state budget to facilitate the development of education that are currently running.
Ground water in our Indonesia, which consists of over 17,000 islands, it is true that we have to akui channels of effective communication and community participation in education development is still very difficult. The development also can not pungkiri that we still can not say fair and equitable, for example, is the big cities usually get far more money and a lot more attention from the government rather than rural areas, which should get "special attentions" from the government but still also not possible.
The quality of education in Indonesia will be improved quickly and significantly when human resources (teachers of quality and professionalism memliki high) and other resources that have been found in Indonesia can be used evenly. However, all this can only be effective if the public voice of education is widely heard and self-reliance or trust in the community are widely accessible.
IDENTIFICATION & ANALISA PROBLEMS
Then what is actually a resistor of education at this time? And whether that should be faced not only by governments but also by the whole society in the development of education in our beloved country is
There are some things that are very important issues which the main obstacle of the development of education irrespective of the allocation of funds for education from the State Budget / Budget of up to 20% at this time was still not clear sistematika division of authority and improving the human resources that the teacher is important to be sting and should be up, but I will be more focus to the following 2 things;
1. Education in Indonesia have not been up to try to encourage all students to think independently and lack of application of science to analyze things. Indeed, the government has been implementing a solution that is relatively new system that is KBK (Competency-Based Curriculum) for implementing the curriculum in 1994 that analyzes the science and inculcate self-reliance in each student, but if all is running smoothly? The Drs.Yusuf Rianto, Kulon Progo Education Office, this is not a decree which established the Ministry of KBK. So while this policy is the juridical KBK is no formal legal basis. She is now only a rabbit experiment only. Curriculum, which is always change in every turn of the minister of education menajamkan view that there are people unsure on politics and society assume that the government will not have the consistency of a decision that was taken. In the end the siswalah the most disadvantaged, students were forced to accept the changes so quickly, without sufficient reason. He also stressed that this attitude shows that the government is hesitating to take steps quickly and without thinking about the impacts will occur, indicating the government in this case the Ministry is always considered in a hurry, reactive, not transparent and participatory.
2nd Policy Value UAN (National Testing End) / End Semester Examination or the like that are forcing be regarded students. In his article, Mr. Achmad Sentosa, an advisor for the Partnership for Governance Reform in Indonesia kekhatirannya states that UAN mememperpanjang array will only be a problem in education in Indonesia. Nudity has a very negative impact of the mental development of the Indonesian students. We can take one obvious example, quoted from kompas cyber media in June 2006 edition of a student in SMK Pontianak choose a shortcut to end his life because of the UAN does not pass, it is clear that these policies have been lowering the taste and mentality of students to each other in the knowledge berkompetensi . Article 60 of Law No. 39 of 1999 states that every child is entitled to obtain the education and instruction in personal development in accordance with the interests, talents, and level kecedasannya. If our education system through a conversion policy is not able to appreciate the value of students in accordance with the level of talent and kecedasannya, then this act can be categorized as human rights violations.
William Chang also mentioned in the article that never fit in in the media that the same compass, the application of the instrument on the multiple choice UAN also not too enough to represent cognitive ability, afektif, and students psikomotorik comprehensively and objectively. Long run indirectly, from one hand, this system will be more inclined to appreciate the students who have a high intelektualitas than children who have any level intelektualitas medium and low. That way students who have intelektualitas levels are low and will be a war if they mind or not competent enough. And if this continues it could not be denied that many students will in the future Indonesia will experience a mental decline, which then became one of the pengambat development of education in itself and this problem could have been classified as discriminatory in the world of formal education.